A person inspired by the materialist dogma will say that “they became the majority because of the imperialist support”. It began with the support from Great Britain to the Jewish aspirations referenced in the San Remo Conference and ended with the British ignoring their legal obligations (established in the Peel Commission of 1939). The Jews became a majority despite the strict limitations set by the British. For the British, the Jews were unconditional against the Nazis and needed the support of the “conditional” Arabs. The British did not consider the Arabs as their enemies and the relationship between British, Arabs and Jews was not consistent during the Mandate. If before Zionism there was a small community in Israel, mainly orthodox, the ideological strength and the increase in anti-Semitism in Europe promoted the five waves of immigration. The first one (1881-1903) brought orthodox families that created the first communities with the support of the philanthropist Baron Edmund de Rothschild. The second wave (1903-1914) created and developed cities with a small nucleus very idealist and socialist, which became the political leadership of Zionism from the mid-1920s. The third wave (1917- 1924) was fundamental for the establishment of cooperative agricultural farms (Kibbutzim or Moshavim) and it happened after the Mandate. The fourth wave (1924-1928) was caused because of the anti-Semitic measurements and the crisis in Poland. The fifth wave (since 1933) came after Hitler’s rise to power. The Jewish people in Israel increased from 20.000 souls in 1900 to more than 600.000 in 1948. After the 1948 war, the Jews became the absolute majority in the recently created State of Israel because most of the Arabs remained outside their borders in a territory that represented a small part of Palestine from the British Mandate.
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