The revolt resulted in a very important weakening of their recently-born leading class. Traditionally, Arabs had a tribal elite but not true leadership. Moreover, the disputes between the Nashashibi and the Husseini resulted in hundreds of deceased during the revolt of 1936-1939. As part of the attempts to reinforce Arab national ideas, they established a national anniversary date commemorating the Battle of the Horns of Hattin (Jul/4/1187, when the Ayyubid leader Saladin defeated the Crusaders to recover Jerusalem for the Muslim). The expansion of education, the development of civil society, transportation and especially radio broadcasting facilitated this “nationalism”. The insurgency was not successful, but it had a crucial influence on the War of Independence of Israel (1948) because it weakened the military capacity and the local Arab (Palestinian) incentive to go to war. The Arab revolt also forced the main leader to exile, the Great Mufti of Jerusalem Hajj Amin Al-Husseini, who later aligned himself openly with Hitler. The Arab violence against the British and Jews continued throughout 1938- 1939. During the last fifteen months of the revolt, 936 people died and there were 351 murder attempts; 2,125 sniper incidents; 472 bombings; 364 cases of armed robbery; 1,453 cases of sabotage against the government and commercial spaces; 323 people kidnapped; 72 cases of intimidation; 236 Jews were murdered by Arabs and 435 Arabs were killed by Jews (mainly in self-defense). According to the number of deaths during the Arab revolt of 1936-1939, 10% of the Arab Palestinian population, male and adult, ages 20-60, were killed, injured, imprisoned or exiled by the British.