The British were in trouble. They had physically conquered Damascus- Syria but, because of the Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916) and after the San Remo Conference (1920), Syria had to be turned over to France. The British had elected the son of their ally Hussein Iben Ali from the Mecca (Faisal) as king of Syria. After Sep/30/1918, they declared Hussein a loyal government and named him “King of the Arabs”. In light of this, the French argued that they had the right to decide who was going to govern in Syria. In fact, Foreign Minister Stephen Pichon said that France had no agreement with King Hussein. If the British government had accepted then that Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo were included in the direct scope of influence of France, the British would have had to break their promise to the Arabs and they were not willing to do so. With the Versailles Treaty (1919), Great Britain not only obtained the mandate in Palestine (confirmed in San Remo) but also Mosul, adding Basra and Bagdad and creating the kingdom of Iraq. It took the Upper Galilee region from Syria to build the pipeline from Mosul to Haifa. In the face of the French pressure, the British proposed to compensate Hussein with a kingdom, governed by his son Feisal I, in the rich lands of Iraq. Feisal’s younger brother, Abed Allah (Abdallah) also wanted to have “his part” harassing French and Jews on the Upper Galilee, in the border with Syria. The British wished to eradicate the Islamic influence of the Turks, putting “their people” in their vast territories. They gave Abdallah 76.5% of the 120,000 km2 of the British Mandate creating the Hashemite Empire of Transjordan (the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan). The territory was divided in 1922, contradicting the international commitments set forth in the San Remo Conference.