The Conference of San Remo (April 1920) ratified and legalized the territorial distribution of the declining Ottoman Empire, previously agreed between France and the United Kingdom in the Versailles Treaty (1919). Syria and Lebanon (separate lands) were now under French mandate; Iraq was conceded to the new king Feisal (the son of Hussein of Mecca) as part of the British mandate of Mesopotamia. Palestine, now detached from Syria, was under British mandate (the territory included what is now Israel-Palestine-Jordan). The League of Nations confirmed (Jul/24/1922) that the results of San Remo were a form of a mandate, meaning that the mission was to help the locals build their self-determination. The introduction to the text explained clearly: “Considering that the principal allied powers also agreed that trustees shall be responsible to implement the original declaration on Nov/2/1917 by the government of His Majesty and adopted by said powers in favor of establishing in Palestine a national homeland for the Jewish people, it is clearly understood that nothing shall be done to adverse the civil and religious rights of the non-Jewish communities living in Palestine, or the rights and political status of the Jews in any other country”. Some say that the whole issue was about the betrayal of the Arabs for the benefit of the Jews. Let’s see: the colonial empires received in the Middle East about 7,000,000 km2; 120,000 km2 were promised to the Jews, but in 1922 a good part was taken from them, leaving only about 25,000 km2. In other words, the Arab tribe chiefs received 99.65% of the land and the Jews 0.35%, and this is why… exactly for this reason, that the conflict began. It doesn’t sound too serious.