The Agreement is officially known as the Asia Minor Agreement. Diplomats Mark Sikes (Great Britain) and François Georges Picot (France) negotiated the terms; a secret pact signed between Great Britain, France and Russia to distribute the influence and control of the three countries after the fall of the Ottoman Empire in World War I. It is generally considered that the Agreement shaped the region. The British controlled the areas from the Mediterranean Sea coastline up to the Jordan River, what today is Jordan, the south of Iraq and a small area that included the ports of Haifa and Acre, to maintain access to the Mediterranean. The French kept control of southeast Turkey, the north of Iraq, Syria and Lebanon. The Russian Empire would receive Istanbul, the Turkish Straights and Armenia. Each power would decide the borders within their areas. In fact, there were five areas: one under British control, one under French control, one under British influence or protectorate, one under French influence or protectorate, and one under international administration (including the cities of Jerusalem and Nazareth). These agreements were endorsed during the San Remo Conference and were backed by the League of Nations (predecessor of the UN). The British constituted the British Mandate for Palestine between 1920 and 1948 and the British Mandate for Iraq (1920-1932); the French Mandate of Syria and Lebanon lasted from 1923 until 1946. The Government of the Czars in Russia was a minor part of the Agreement, and when the Russian Revolution came about, it was the Bolsheviks that divulged the Agreement on Nov/3/1917 to show the disgraces of imperialism. The British and the French were embarrassed and the Arabs were dismayed.
Sykes-Picot Agreement, 1916 (Source: Encyclopaedia Britannica)