Argentinean journalist Pedro Brieger wrote (100 Questions and Answers): “Nationalist leaders had already realized that some Arabic peasants - whose lands had been sold by the landowners to the Zionist movement – competed to return and crashed with the new immigrants”. This “anger” began during the British mandate while in the Ottoman days (until 1917) it was a minor subject. These lands were not the property of the Arabic-Palestinians (regarding Brieger’s incorrect affirmation “whose lands”). Arabs lived in those lands, bought by the Jews, following the model of Buztan (leases). In 1858, the Ottoman Turks drew a first register of the lands. The register was doubly compromising: they had to pay taxes and they could be drafted to the army since they knew where they lived. Rich landowners, many of them Christians from Lebanon, acquired the properties. The landowner rented the land for its development or a small production. Zionists bought the properties “from their legal owners” and, after paying exorbitant prices, decided to work and protect the lands by themselves. Motivated by socialist principles, they believed in working and producing directly without exploiting others.
The contact between the Occidental Jew and the Arabic customs produced tensions. For example, picture a group of Jews working in a plot of land. The Arabs had the custom of granting public access to the remains of the harvest. Now, let’s imagine a guard who scares the invaders away from the private property at gunpoint. The person who runs away will call his clan to ask for help and then we have a conflict. To acquire lands and redeem them, the Zionists founded the K.K.L. (Keren Kayemet Le-Israel or Jewish National Fund), created in 1901 in Basel (Switzerland). Since its creation, KKL has planted over 240 million trees in Israel, built 180 dams and developed 250.000 hectares.