After signing the agreement in Washington (1993), the Oslo Accords were discussed for their approval in the Knesset (parliament). The coalition achieved 61 votes with 50 opposing. Those who opposed Oslo considered that signing a pact with a professional terrorist like Yasser Arafat was dangerous for Israel. The Israeli public and the media, mainly agreed with the peace process. The opposition accused Rabin of conceding to a Palestinian state. Israeli Prime Minister Rabin, at first, opposed a totally independent Palestinian state and to hand over all of the West Bank, Gaza and eastern Jerusalem. Moreover, in more than one opportunity he affirmed to be willing to cancel Oslo if the Palestinian attacks continued. In October 1994, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Shimon Peres and the President of the Palestinian Authority, Yasser Arafat, were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
On Feb/25/1994, on the day of the festivity of Purim, an orthodox Jew, settler of the town of Kiryat Arba (close to Hebron), named Baruch Goldstein, entered the Mosque of the Patriarchs with several grenades, an M-16 rifle and several charges, and opened fire indiscriminately against the worshippers, murdering 29 and wounding over 120. When he ran out of ammunition, he was beaten to death by the survivors. The massacre created a strong rejection among most of the Israeli society and Prime Minister Rabin read a condemning statement in the Knesset, adopting judicial and administrative measures against extremists. For the majority of the Israeli society, the Palestinian suicidal attacks were the price that had to be paid to achieve peace. When the attacks increased, support to Oslo descended.