In Oslo (Norway), there were secret meetings between representatives of the PLO and Israel led by Shimon Peres’s right hand, Yosi Belin, and other diplomats and academics. On Sep/9/1993 the “Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements” (Oslo A) was signed in the gardens of the White House. According to Oslo A, there would be autonomy in Gaza and Jericho, and the power would be transferred in Judea and Samaria. A formula was also agreed to hold elections to legitimize the Palestinian Authority, a body that would negotiate the final agreements. An important part of what was agreed in Oslo was linked to an economic collaboration between Israelis and Palestinians (as requested by Declaration 181). There would be an intermediate transition period of 5 years, and after the first three years the dialogues would start again for a final agreement that would include paramount topics such as the future of Jerusalem, the status of refugees, the Jewish settlements in the territories and the final status of the Palestinian Authority (they were copying the model 3+2 of Camp David, 1979) If the autonomy in Gaza and Jericho began on May/4/1994, negotiations for final status had to begin in May of 1997 and the final agreements would be in force starting May 1999. The Cairo Agreement was signed on Aug/29/1994 to establish what powers would be forwarded to the Palestinians (in this Agreement Yasser Arafat simulated to sign the contract and he had to be pressured by Mubarak who humiliated him in Arabic, “sign, dog!”) On Jul/5/1994 the President of the Palestinian Authority and of the PLO, Yasser Arafat arrived at the Gaza Strip. In 1995 (Oslo B) the control over the Palestinian Authority would increase and, secretly, Yosi Beilin would reach a final agreement with Palestinians that was never presented to Yitzhak Rabin.
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