The PLO was suffering from a constant weakening. In parallel, the fundamentalist groups (Hamas, Islamic Jihad), were performing a socio-political task that attracted the Palestinian masses. Without money and separated from Tunisia, Yasser Arafat’s position was defined as a “political coma”. Arafat escaped death again on Apr/7/1992 when his airplane from Air Bissau crashed in the desert of Libya during a sand storm. Two pilots and one engineer died; Arafat was wounded.
The reasons that motivated Yasser Arafat to recognize Israel were evident: he was politically dead and separated from Palestine, not having many choices. In 1974, the labor minister Aharon Yariv and his pair Victor Shem- Tov (Mapam) wrote a formula (Shem-Tov-Yariv) that specified that if a state or group abandoned their use of force and recognized Israel, the Jewish State would have to negotiate with that partner. On Sept/9/1993, Yitzhak Rabin received a letter from Yasser Arafat in which he committed to: 1) the PLO would recognize Israel’s right to exist; 2) he would accept UN Resolutions 242 and 338; 3) he committed to finding a solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict in peaceful terms; 4) he would abandon the use of force and terror; 5) he would take responsibility for the actions of all the members of the PLO; 6) he would make sure that the articles in the Palestinian Charter that advocated for the destruction of Israel would be considered as annulled and would be taken to their final cancelation in the Palestinian National Assembly (that did not happen). These declarations responded positively to the “Shem-Tov Yariv” principles of the Labor Party. The PLO was considered by the Israeli government as the official representative of the Palestinian people. Yitzhak Rabin deeply despised Yasser Arafat. However, for Israel, the alternative to the weak Arafat was the ascending Islamist Hamas.