After expelling the PLO from Lebanon, Israel withdrew from parts of the occupied territory between 1983 and 1985, but kept partial control of the region in the border known as the “Security Strip in the South of Lebanon”. It was initially coordinated with the self-proclaimed Free State of Lebanon, which executed a limited authority over the southern areas of Lebanon until 1984, as well as with the Southern Lebanese Army (derived from the Free Lebanese Army), conformed by Maronite Christians (led by Antoine Lahad) armed and trained by Israel. The purpose of the Strip, declared by Israel, was to create a space to separate border settlements from the north, away from the terrorists in Lebanon that were shaping up to become Hezbollah. The Strip included approximately 10% of the Lebanese territory, housed around 150,000 that were living in 67 villages of Shiites, Maronites and Druze. In the central zone of the Strip was the Maronite city of Marjayoun, which was the capital of the Security Strip. The residents that remained in the security area had a lot of contacts and received diverse services from Israel. Even though the Strip was officially formed in 1985, throughout the years it became a war zone for battles between Israel, Maronites and Hezbollah. On Feb/16/1991, the leader of Hezbollah, Abbas Musawi, was killed by missiles launched by Israeli helicopters. His successor was a harsher leader, Hassan Nassrallah. Among other things, Hezbollah avenged the murder of Musawi by blowing up the Embassy of Israel in Buenos Aires (Mar/17/1992). A total of 256 Israeli soldiers died in combat in the south of Lebanon (1985-2000). In May 2000, Israel’s Prime Minister, Ehud Barak, withdrew the Israeli forces from the Security Strip to the international border.
The Security Strip (Source: Wikipedia)