The Israeli Army had two programs to deal with Lebanon, the Oranim (Cedars) Programs. The short program dealt with an operation of no more than two days in which the Tzahal would enter the south of Lebanon and eliminate the PLO bases in a 40 km radius, the distance from which the Russian- made missiles, Katyushas, would not reach the Israeli populations in the north of the country. The “Wider Oranim” was adopted by Ariel Sharon (designed by Minister of Defense by Ezer Weitzman in 1979). This was a more ambitious program where not only would they eliminate the PLO from Lebanon, but from Syria as well. Defense Minister Ariel Sharon thought that Israel could help the Maronites take possession of Lebanon and later win the elections. The Maronite forces of Gemayel would collaborate with the Israeli army, and at the end of the battle, Gemayel would be named president of Lebanon and would sign a peace agreement with Israel. Sharon believed that the Palestinians would escape to Jordan, where they would overthrow the government of King Hussein and form a Palestinian state; no doubt an ambitious program that was rejected by the Israeli government.
In 1982 the government adopted the Small Oranim program. Once the confrontations began, the situation could not be controlled by the government. Minister Sharon requested authorization to extend the operation towards the north and even requested authorization to carry out actions that were already in development. In the book Begin in the Government, by the secretary of the Prime Minister, Arieh Naor, the author implies that Ariel Sharon deceived the government and Prime Minister Menahem Begin. Sharon’s work ended after Sabra and Shatila.