The Interim Agreement (Sinai Agreement) was signed on Sept/4/1975 in Geneva between the governments of Anwar El-Sadat (Egypt) and Yitzhak Rabin (Israel). The agreement was reached after intense mediation by the US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, wishing to separate Egypt from the USSR. Kissinger exerted pressure over Israel, threatening to stop sending weaponry and “reevaluating their bilateral relations” since Israel was not willing to give enough. In the agreement, the parties were committed to not use threats nor force. The territorial part stipulated that Israel would withdraw to a 30-40 kilometers line to the east, including the steps of Mitla and Gidi in the Western Sinai. This area was transformed into a damping zone under the supervision of the UN forces. Israel also withdrew from most of the oil fields in the Sinai, including Abu Rhodes (and the Shalhevet establishment, which was located there) and Belim. This strip became a demilitarized Egyptian territory and there were agreements between Israel and Egyptians in the parallel highway to the Gulf. The Egyptians promised in a letter to the United States that they would not intervene in a war between Israel and Syria, in case Syria was the initiator. As part of this agreement, the US guaranteed to supply oil to Israel as a substitute for the evacuated oil fields in the Sinai and promised that, in case of a future war, they would prepare an emergency plan to supply military equipment to Israel in two months. It would also include agreements for the purchase of military equipment (F-15 airplanes and future F-16). This interim agreement was important because it increased the trust between Egypt and Israel to proceed with the bilateral Peace agreement of 1979.