Most of the Palestinian concentration (more than four million, even though there is not a formal census), is located in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Currently, in the Gaza Strip, there is a de facto state governed by Hamas and another proto-state in Territories A and B of the West Bank. A good deal of those who left after the 1948 War went to live in the numerous refugee camps in Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. Their situation is different from one country to another. They are alike because of how they have been used by their Arab brothers as cannon fodder without protecting them nor giving them rights. The Palestinian identity was perverted by their Pan-Arab leaders, starting with Nasser but following with the emirs of Kuwait or the presidents of Iraq. More or less 20% of the Israeli population are Arabs (Palestinians); in other words, more or less 1.7 million. The Israeli citizenship that they possess allows them to enjoy civilian rights unknown to their Arab equals in the Middle East, and a superior economic status from the rest of the Palestinians that have not been integrated into the countries that, allegedly, fought for them in 1948 and generated their drama. In Israel, we find Palestinian representatives in the Knesset, in the Supreme Court of Justice and in different tiers of the government and, currently (2019), there is an increase in the recruitment of Arab-Israelis in the security forces or in the national service (social volunteering linked to the army).
The Palestinian conscience of belonging to one people had a late awakening and the dispersion was not so much of an obstacle but a unifying factor. The conformation of a Palestinian nationality was clearly motivated by the creation of the State of Israel and was developed after the Six-Day War.