In 1959, Yasser Arafat founded the Al-Fatah organization in Kuwait. For some, it was “another nationalist Pan-Arab manifestation”. This is an incomplete image because it lacks the religious factor: the victories of Mohammed during his caliphate are known as “Fatah”. The supreme objective of the Al-Fatah was the destruction of Israel. There was no Israeli domain over Judea, Samaria or Gaza, which is why they rejected all Jewish presence in the region. In 1964, the Arab countries reunited in a conference in eastern Jerusalem to formally create the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), dependent on Nasserist Pan-Arabism. Their first objective was to destroy the Israeli national pipeline that carried water from North to South (Movil Artzi). Once again, their objective was to destroy. The PLO Charter (1964) spoke about the destruction of the “Zionist entity of Palestine” (Article 15) but not about the foundation of a Palestinian State. The PLO was an umbrella for various organizations, the strongest of them being the one of Arafat, who got rid of Nasserism after the 1967 humiliation. To achieve such unity, Arafat did not hesitate to eliminate rivals, like when after a failed conciliation reunion he threw Yussuf Orabi, a pro-Syrian Palestinian, off the roof of a building (1966). Modus operandi: Besides kidnapping airplanes, the murder of Israeli athletes in the Olympics must be included, as well as the kidnapping and the killing of passengers of a bus passing through Israeli routes (including children) and bombs in different cities. The civilian objectives prevailed over the military. In October 1974, the Arab League recognized the PLO in Rabat (Morocco) as the “only and legitimate representative of the Palestinian people”. Then, Yasser Arafat was named “observer” in the General Assembly (UN). In 1993, the PLO was recognized by Israel as the only representative of the Palestinians, making them the leaders of the Palestinian Authority.