The economic situation of various Jewish communities before 1948 was good. European colonialism led to increasing demand for rich professionals who had more knowledge and knew other languages for translation, contacts for commerce, the running of customs, banks and administration of money, professions in which the Jews performed a central role. The quick voluntary or forced “fleeing” of the Arab countries made them leave most of their belongings behind. The property left included territories, houses, businesses and stores, bank accounts and more. Most of the properties were confiscated by the state authorities or taken by others and were never returned to their owners. There are different estimations of the value of the Jewish properties left or confiscated. The difference between the estimations is because of the difficulty to calculate the total property of the Jewish refugees in numerous countries, as well as how to calculate the sums. In 2007, the World Jewish Organization estimated that the total belongings left behind by the 900,000 refugees from the Arab countries equaled around 300 billion dollars’ worth of value (amounts calculated in 2000) and the total estimated from the properties reached 100,000 square kilometers of land. On the other hand, Professor Sydney Zabludof, an economist specialized in compensations to survivors of the Holocaust, calculated that the total property was worth approximately 6 billion dollars (values from 2007), while that of the Palestinian refugees was worth 3.9 billion dollars. Even though it is necessary to conduct a deep study, little doubt is left that the Jews from Arab countries are owed more money and that in the frame of a solution to the problem of the refugees, those debts to them should be taken into consideration.