There are dozens of testimonies that prove that the cases of abandonment were voluntary in various places during the 1948 War (see in https://www. youtube.com/watch?v=JxfJxuOWAz0). Fuad Khader from Bir Ma’in (central Israel), said to the Jordanian TV: “We left, those who made us leave were the Jordanian army because they were going into battle and we would be under their feet. They said: ‘Leave. In two hours we will defeat them and then you can come back’. We left with what we were wearing, we did not pack anything because we were meant to return in two hours. Why would we carry our things? We are still waiting for those two hours to end today”. A refugee from Ein Karem (Jerusalem) said: “the radio stations of the Arab regimes repeated: ‘leave the battlefront. In ten days or two weeks at the most, we will bring you back to Ein Karem’. We said to ourselves that it was a long time, two weeks was too much. That’s what we thought then. And now, it has been 50 years”. What does the main interested party say about this problem? The President of the Palestinian Authority, Mahmoud Abbas, who, during the 1948 War, escaped his home in Safed (Tzfat), told the Palestinian TV that “the Salvation Army (Arab) retreated from the city of Safed in 1948, causing the Arab people to emigrate from Safed, just like from Hebron, and people were afraid that the Jews would avenge the massacres perpetrated by the Arabs in 1929 (Note: 65 Jews were murdered in Hebron, 18 Jews in Safed). In 1948, the people were terrorized and were forced to leave the city in a disorderly way”.