The Secretary General of the Arab League, Azzam Pasha, threatened: “Personally, I hope Jews do not force us into a war, because it would be a war of extermination and a terrible massacre, only comparable to the devastation of the Mongols and the Crusades”. The future chief of the PLO, Ahmed Shukeiri, affirmed that the invasion intended “the elimination of the Jewish State” and the Islamic University of El Cairo proclaimed a holy war against Zionism. After declaring its independence, Israel was invaded by Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. The best Arab army was the Jordan army, commanded by the British general John Baggot Glubb and armed by the British themselves.
Although the United States had been a vigorous supporter of the partition resolution, the State Department did not want to provide weapons to the Jews. On Dec/12/1947, the US imposed an embargo on weapons in the region. Throughout the war, Israel was able to purchase arms to Czechoslovakia with approval from the Soviet Union. The war of 1948 was divided into three stages: 1) May/18/1948 to June/11/1948: Invasion by three Arab armies and defense by Israel. 2) July/9/1948 to July/18/1948: After the cease-fire, the Tzahal attacks the Arab armies, taking over the area of lower Galilee and the path to Jerusalem. 3) From July 1948 to July 1949. The Arabs surrender and Israel carries out plans to protect its civilians, by dominating over lands from where it was being attacked. Israel defeated the Arab armies and increased its territory in the framework of a defensive war, at a painful price: 1% of its population died in combat (6,373 deceased, 2,373 of them civilians). The territories destined to the Arab state were occupied by Egypt (Gaza) and by Jordan (West Bank), but no one protested or claimed against this injustice.