Israel does not have a written constitution (formal) but has a “material” one. A material constitution also discusses the functions and limitations of the Powers of the State, on the rights and duties of citizens, but all these laws are not comprised in a text known as a “constitution”. The Declaration of Independence expresses the desire to produce a formal constitution. The election of a Constituent Assembly was held in February 1949, and not as ordered by the Declaration of Independence in 1948, because of the ongoing war with the Arab countries. The Assembly enacted the “Takeover Law of 1949” (Hok HaMaavar 1949), which stated that the Legislative Power of Israel would be known as the Knesset (Parliament) and they would be the “First Knesset”. This way, they did not produce a Constitution as was stated in the Declaration of Independence. The religious parties were among those who opposed a written constitution (the only supreme law is the Halaha – the Religious Law) and David Ben- Gurion argued that the conflict hindered enacting supreme norms for times of peace if they were living in a state of war in the country. The discussion continued until Jun/13/1950, when the representative of the Progressive Party, Izahar Harari, was able to approve his proposal that a secretariat of the Knesset take on the role of Constituent Assembly and prepare a Constitution but “in stages”. The Knesset would approve these “Basic Laws” (called Hukei Yesod). The Basic Laws are written like a Constitution and in the future, they will have a superior rank to the common laws. If there is a common law that contradicts a Basic Law, the most recent law will prevail, but for two years. There are articles that are “shielded” (Meshurianim) and to change them, they must have the approval of a determined amount of representatives. At present, Israel has enacted 14 Basic Laws.