The Declaration of Independence of Israel is a short text divided into three parts. The first part is “historical” and reviews the origins of the Jewish people, their contribution to humankind, the calamities they have gone through and the origins of Zionism. In this section, the Jewish right to the Land of Israel is explained, sealed with the recognition by the UN in the partition of November of 1947. The second part is “operational”; it explains that the People’s Council (the Parliament of 39 people), declared the end of the British Mandate and announced the Jewish State in Eretz Israel, to be known as the State of Israel. They announced that in October 1948 they would produce a Constitution and based on its rulings, they would call for elections. Also, the People’s Council would be known as the “Temporary State Council”, and its executive branch, the People’s Administrations, would be the “Provisional Government of the Jewish State” The third part is the “declaration”; it provides details about all the positive values that the State of Israel takes on as a democratic country, with a special call for peace and coexistence with the Arab locals and neighbors. Those who signed the Declaration were not able to agree on the content written by David Ben-Gurion. For example, orthodox Jews were opposed to writing Tzur Israel instead of the presence and protection of God. The secular representatives rejected any kind of religious mention. The abandonment of Palestine by Great Britain produces a political and legal void. The Declaration substituted this void, announcing that on May/5/1948 at 0.00 hours a new state would start to rule, known as the State of Israel. The Declaration formally announces the birth of Israel.