Incitement to violence promoted by Hamas is different from the Palestinian Authority. “Martyrdom” for the cause, promoted by Islamist Hamas (Shahada), is broadcasted by the official media and social networks. The attackers receive all sorts of religious and economic promises. During the Sixth Conference held in Bethlehem (Aug/8/2009), Fatah (PLO) understood that the armed terrorism style of Hamas is not beneficial nor does it attain international sympathy. They opted to substitute their armed fight model for one that could be presented as a popular fight, complemented with unilateral diplomacy, actions via UN and the promotion of boycotts (such as BDS). Palestinians call this “Popular Habba”.
Popular Habba Works this way: they use religious incitation by arguing that Jews (usually represented as military or orthodox) are acting to destroy the Al-Aqsa Mosque. When the specific actions are requested, the wording is modified by proclaiming: “Will you not do anything to defend the Mosque?”
Such instigation provokes individuals to take knives or to throw their vehicles against Israelis. The vast majority of these terrorists do not come out alive of these incidents. The next step of the Popular Habba is to develop a “martyr” cult that makes other individuals want to imitate them. If we add the payments that the Palestinian Authority offers terrorists, then the attacker will enjoy not only the money but honor too.
Possibly, Abbas, Fatah or the Palestinian Authority don’t give direct orders for violence as Hamas does. However, there is no doubt that they agree, plan, and create the infrastructure that facilitates and promotes violence.