An eight-day military operation between Israel and Hamas, the governing authority of the Gaza Strip, initiated on Nov/14/2012 with the selective assassination of Ahmen Jabari, head of the military branch of Hamas. Jabari planned numerous terrorist attacks against Israel, launched rockets against civilians and planned the kidnapping of the Israeli soldier, Gilad Shalit. According to the Israeli government, the operation began in response to the launch of over 100 rockets against Israel in a 24-hour period and an attack against a military patrolling jeep within the Israeli borders. The Israeli government declared that its objective was to stop the rocket -launching and interrupt the capacity of the militant organizations. The Palestinians blamed the Israeli government, indicating the blockade of the Gaza Strip and the “occupation” of the West Bank as the reason for their attacks with rockets. During the operation, the Israelis stated that they had attacked over 1,500 locations in the Gaza Strip, including rocket-launching platforms, weapons storage and government facilities. According to a report by UNHCR, 174 Pa–lestinians died and hundreds were wounded. Some of the Palestinian deaths were caused by their own mis-launched rockets, and eight Palestinians were killed by members of the Izz Adin Al-Qassam Brigades for alleged collaboration with Israel. During Defense Pillar, Palestinians launched 1,456 rockets, 142 falling within Gaza itself. Six Israelis died and 240 were wounded. Almost 421 rockets were intercepted by the new anti-missile system, Iron Dome. That year, 2012, Egypt was governed by Muhammad Mursi of the Muslim Brotherhood, the ideological cradle of Hamas. During those months, Hamas increased its military capacity, so Defense Pillar was a limited operation in which Israel tried to avoid direct confrontation with Egypt of the Muslim Brotherhood.