The first strategic-ideological change from the PLO towards Israel was adopted in 1974 with the approval of the “Plan in Stages”. According to this plan, the main Palestinian objective was to create a State (West Bank-Gaza?) to destroy Israel militarily from there. Some considered this plan as a “moderation” from the PLO. In November 1988, the National Palestinian Council (Algeria) declared the independence of the Palestinian State. They sustained that there should be a regional agreement based on the UN’s Charter and its resolutions. That way, the declaration was ambiguous in regards to the recognition of the State of Israel. Any explicit affirmation of the exposed process was avoided and was limited to suggesting the approval of the resolutions of the United Nations, which implies the acceptance of the existence of the State of Israel. After suffering a “political coma” (after the Gulf War 1991), the PLO decided to commit to the Israeli premises “Shem-Tov Yariv”, accepting Israel and renouncing the use of force for the solution of conflicts. Because of this, the Oslo peace process began. However, the terrorist articles of the PLO Charter (1968) were never canceled (26 clauses) and the return of the terrorism was the strategy of Yasser Arafat and the PLO during the Intifada of Al-Aqsa (2000-2005). Currently, due to the fact that the conflict for the Palestinians is essentially religious, the Israeli government (led by Netanyahu) demands the recognition of Israel as “the national home of the Jewish people” that, according to Islamic theology, symbolizes the acceptance of the end of the conflict. Among the opposition parties to Israel’s government, not all agree with the need for such demand. Mahmoud Abbas and other Palestinian leaders affirmed, several times, that “they will never accept Israel as a Jewish State” and that, apparently, is because they reject ending the conflict.