In the previous questions, the importance and function of the Basic Laws of Israel were explained (question 118). The Basic Law of Israel as the Nation- State of the Jewish People is one of the 14 basic laws approved in Israel (2019). The novelty is that the only people with the right to declare its independence within Israel (the West Bank is not part of Israel) is the Jewish people. All Israeli citizens have the same civil rights, but the Druse, Arab-Palestinian, Bedouin and Circassian minorities cannot declare their independence within Israel. Article 1 states: “The right to exert national self-determination in the State of Israel is exclusive to the Jewish People”. The government of Israel did this to eliminate the possibility that after signing a peace agreement with the Palestinians, the Arab-Palestinian minority would come up and propose “Now we, the “other people”, demand the right to self-determination in the regions where we are the majority!” There are national minorities within other states of the world, for example, can Peruvians declare their independence in Argentina? No, only the Argentinean people can do such a thing. The democratic values and defense of the rights of citizens must be considered an integral and fundamental part of Israel, and are included in the Basic Law of Freedom of Occupation (1992 and 1994), and especially The Respect for Human Dignity and Freedom (1992). The law is innovative in its Article 4: “The language of the State is Hebrew. Arabic has a special status in the State”. Up to now, the official languages of Israel were Hebrew, Arabic and English. The political context of the law is the desire of the Israeli conservative government to reduce universal or transnational conceptions, reaffirming its desire to continue being a state-nation.